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On Options: My Rationale Explained

The Terrors Of Nuclear Weapons And Why You Should Pledge Against It

Nuclear terrorism is the most serious danger the world is facing. Just imagine a million or more people dying from the explosion of a nuclear weapon having tornado-strength winds spreading flames that are much hotter than the surface of the sun itself. In a very unlikely case of survivors, they would have no means of transportation, no electricity, no phones, and even the hospitals would be too crowded. Furthermore, the damage to the economy would result to trillions of dollars and the reverberating economic effects throughout a certain country and the world would come to several times that figure.

There are currently nine countries holding 16,000 nuclear weapons. The nine countries are the United Kingdom, the United States, North Korea, Russia, China, India, France, Israel. The US, Russia, the UK, France, and China are members of the official owners club, who made their weapons early and had them legitimized in the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) signed in 1968, the key piece of international law governing nuclear weapons possession. Whereas North Korea, India, Pakistan, and Israel ignored the treaty and made their own bombs.

There are two types of primary nuclear bombs use. The first being fission which is the process of splitting the nucleus of an atom into two or more smaller nuclei and are often referred to as atomic bombs. While fusion is the process by which multiple hydrogen nuclei join together to form a heavier nucleus. You can create hydrogen bombs or thermonuclear weapons if you use both fusion and fission.

Nuclear weapons would depend on the material being used. They can be plutonium bombs, uranium bombs and hydrogen bombs. The uranium bombs are relatively easy to design and make but require a material that is difficult to obtain which is a purified uranium-235. It is much difficult to design a plutonium bomb but its material: plutonium-239 is easier to obtain. Then we have the hydrogen bombs which are the most difficult to create since it requires either of the materials in uranium or plutonium bombs. It packs a more destructive power since it requires the joining of two lighter atoms such as hydrogen at extremely high temperatures to produce one heavier one such as helium.

In conclusion, by signing for a pledge against their use, you are able to make the first step in saving countless of lives. You can find many pledges for citizens to vote for no first use of a nuclear power not to use nuclear weapons as a means of warfare unless first attacked by an adversary using nuclear weapons. Aside from this, there are plenty of them out there.

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